Introduction To CSS Components Characteristics & Application of CSS

This article explains what CSS is with a simple syntax example and also covers some key terms about the language.

  • Instead of versioning the CSS specification, W3C now periodically takes a snapshot of the latest stable state of the CSS specification and individual modules progress.
  • We can specify multiple values for background-blend-mode, one for each background layer.
  • To celebrate how far it has come, in this post we want to look at some of the amazing new features that CSS boasts in 2021 and that you might not be aware of.
  • Combinators are selectors that establish a relationship between two or more simple selectors, such as „A is a child of B“ or „A is adjacent to B“, creating a complex selector.
  • CSS comprises style rules that are interpreted by the browser and then applied to the corresponding elements in your document.

CSS styling text With the basics of the CSS language covered, the next CSS topic for you to concentrate on is styling text — one of the most common things you’ll do with CSS. Here we look at text styling fundamentals, including setting font, boldness, italics, line and letter spacing, drop shadows, and other text features. We round off the module by looking at applying custom fonts to your page, and styling lists and links.

Changing the page color

This CSS tutorial, whether you’re a student or a professional is a valuable resource to enhance the visual appeal of your websites or personal blogs. Here, you will learn CSS all the basic to advanced concepts, such as properties, selectors, functions, media queries and more. External stylesheets allow people to format and recreate their web pages on different documents. This effectively means you can have two or more workplaces, as more than one stylesheet can be embedded inside the document, providing you with a much cleaner workspace.

Features of CSS

The Airbnb website optimizes its layout for touch interaction on tablet devices. The navigation menu takes up less screen space while still maintaining easy accessibility. Start your programming journey with an introduction to the world of code and basic concepts. Basic selectors are fundamental selectors; these are the most basic selectors that are frequently combined to create other, more complex selectors.


So, to create a web page, we need HTML, a markup language used to create the web page’s structure. Web development is a hot area where our career can launch and earn us more than we ever thought possible. It is said that this profession will continue to grow beyond 2025.

Features of CSS

The CSS layout cookbook aims to bring together recipes for common layout patterns, things you might need to implement in your sites. CSS Tutorials Our CSS learning area contains a wealth of tutorials to take you from beginner level to proficiency, covering all the fundamentals. CSS is among the core languages of the open web and is standardized across Web browsers according to W3C specifications. Previously, the development of various parts of CSS specification was done synchronously, which allowed the versioning of the latest recommendations. There will never be a CSS3 or a CSS4; rather, everything is now CSS without a version number. Please note that all data will be reset to default every 6 hours on the demo page.

CSS Visibility: Everything You Need to Know

In this example, we’re changing the background color, font size, and text color of the body element for mobile screens. CSS media queries allow you to apply specific styles to different screen sizes or devices. CSS media queries were introduced in 1998 but gained popularity in the early 2010s with the rise of mobile devices. Ethan Marcotte’s 2010 article, “Responsive Web Design,” was a game-changer.

Start by using your browser’s built-in developer tools, which allow you to simulate different screen sizes and devices. You can also test your media queries on physical devices to ensure that they function as intended. This simple snippet of code empowers designers to create stunning, dynamic layouts. Thankfully, browser support for this CSS feature is improving.


CSS3 supports responsive designs and manages media queries (used for determining users‘ devices and screen sizes). When testing your media queries, look for any layout or display issues, such as elements that are cut off or overlapping. You may need to refine your styles or adjust your breakpoints based on your testing.

The gap, row-gap, and column-gap properties exist in different contexts, with different levels of browser support. You can use the gap properties in the following layout modules. Consider the user experience when testing and refining your media queries. Make sure your content is readable and accessible on all devices and that any interactive elements are easy to use and navigate. We’ve used media queries to target specific screen sizes and apply the appropriate styles. Inside the curly braces, we define the CSS rules that should apply to screens that match the specified conditions.

CSS Complete References

You can also browse key CSS concepts and a list of selectors organized by type. The CSS Shapes specification allows us to wrap text around floated geometric shapes, creating some interesting, magazine-like layouts. Similar to clip-path, we can give this property a basic shape function circle(), ellipse(), inset(), polygon(), or a URL to an SVG path, and in fact the two work in harmony very well! Shape-outside will wrap our text effectively, but it won’t affect the floated element. If we want the text to look like it’s wrapping around the image or floated object, we can use the same value for clip-path. Use shape-margin to add whitespace between the shape path and the content wrapping it.

Features of CSS

While you can often deal with this using fallback declarations, in some cases, if you don’t specifically include a support for older technology, it can seriously break your site. Over the years, CSS has gone way beyond background colors, borders, text styling, margins, and the box model. Modern CSS is capable of a whole range of functionality that, in the past, you needed JavaScript or workarounds for. Add the following lines , replacing the font-family assignment with your font-family selection from What will your website look like?. The property font-family refers to the font you want to use for text.

How does CSS make Working so Easy?

With CSS3, we can change the justification of text, make whitespace adjustments to the document, and style the hyphenation of words. An API exposing the CSS parser more directly, for parsing arbitrary CSS-like languages into a mildly typed representation. You should use the new CSS features discussed in this article with caution.